Definition
Provide a general definition as to what Manifest Destiny was. Please remember that we are focusing on the United States and not other imperialistic countries.
Each group will post their response after the questions are answered thoroughly. Be sure to check your grammar before your answer is posted.

Essential Questions:
In paragraph form, answer the what, where, when, and why. (100-200 words)
  • What was Manifest Destiny?
  • Where did the settlers end up (there are several locations that people migrated to)?
  • When did they arrive at their destinations?
  • Why were the reasons they left home and headed out west?

Resources:
Site 1
Site 2
Site 3

Responses:
Group 1- Xavier Millimanan , Hannah
Manifest Destiny was the nationalist’s idea that they had the right to expand onto Native American Indian land because they had the god given right, and because they believed they were invincible. The settlers followed different trails throughout the continent such as the Oregon Trail, which brought them through Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, Wyoming, Idaho, and Oregon; the Santa Fe trail ran through Kansas ran along the Arkansas River, going through the Oklahoma Panhandle, and stopping in Northern New Mexico; the California Trail led them southwest along the Humboldt River through the great Basin of Nevada, and throughout California; and the last trail was the Mormon trail leading them to Nauvoo, Illinois, and Salt Lake City. The trails were used from 1800 to 1869. Some of the reasons the people left the east is because they believed in the idea that America was meant to expand an independent government across North America.
Group 2- Colton, Amber, Javon'ta
Manifest Destiny: The Idea
“Manifest Destiny” was a phrase that embodied the divine calling for territorial expansion in the United States of America in the 1800’s. People in America believed that it was their God-given right to settle the West, and this was done, at the expense of the inhabitants already there, like the Native Americans and the Mexicans. In a simple word, Manifest Destiny was the period of majority westward expansion in America, an ideal that still exists today. It was believed that America was the site of the new millennium during the Second Great Awakening, something that had been believed since the time of the colonies. The United States still seeks to reach out and do what has not been done first, to go where none has gone before and to inhabit other countries and bring peace, like the Utopian attempt during this vigorous period of Manifest Destiny. The period of time that most people think of as “Manifest Destiny” (although it is an undying American ideal) was approximately the 1840’s, in which the lure of inexpensive land and open spaces as well as religious-fervor drew people out towards the West. The term “Manifest Destiny” actually first appeared in an 1845 issue of the United States Magazine and Democratic Review, whose author was thought to John L. Sullivan, although the author was anonymous.
There were four main trails during this period of Manifest Destiny: the Oregon Trail, the Santa Fe Trail, the California Trail, and the Mormon Trail. These trails, or the Emigrant Trails, were the paths to westward expansion. Each trail was used at a different time, but all overlapped in the 1840’s. The Oregon Trail spanned more than 2,000 miles from Missouri to Oregon, going through the states Kansas, Wyoming, Nebraska, and Idaho (over the Great Plains and through the Rocky Mountains). Oregon City was the most common final destination, though rivaled with free land in Willamette Valley. The trail was first used in 1841, but its use died in about 1869 with the coming of the Transcontinental Railway. The Santa Fe Trail also got its start in Independence, Missouri and went on down into New Mexico, beginning use in 1821 until 1880, again because of the coming railroads. The California Trail was one of the most commonly used trails during westward expansion, following the Oregon Trail and then breaking off at Fort Hall, Idaho. It was in use primarily from the late 1840’s (California Gold Rush) the late 1860’s (Transcontinental Railroad). And lastly, the Mormon Trail. The Mormon Trail was in use from 1846 to 1857, the shortest period of time for any of the trails of westward expansion. The 1,300-mile trail was used by the followers of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, or Mormons, traveling from Nauvoo, Illinois to Salt Lake City in Utah. More than 13,000 Mormons used this trail to escape violent persecution over the next eleven years.
Why westward expansion? Many pioneers were lured by the promise of inexpensive land and open spaces, due to the Homestead Act of 1842. Those who traveled to Oregon were especially influenced by this promise because of free land in Willamette Valley in exchange for a journey on prairie schooners. The Santa Fe Trail was used mainly for trade and military purposes which eventually led to residential areas and commercial development. California was primarily the lure of gold during the California Gold Rush, and later on, a sustainable homestead on which to raise a family. The Mormons, led by Brigham Young, were in search of a place “sufficiently isolated and undesirable” where they would not be bothered and could worship without the violent and persistent persecution that they were subjected to when living in the East.



Group 3- Devon, Isaiah, Javon

Manifest Destiny
The Manifest Destiny was an idea that the expansion of the United States to the West was a God-given right to the American people. There were several locations, in which the settlers moved to. Some of those locations included the Great Salt Lake in what is now Utah, Oregon City, California, Santa Fe, and Fort Hall or Idaho. Settlers settled in those locations at different times, but they all traveled in the 1800s. Great Salt Lake was populated in 1847 by a religious group called Mormons. Settlers came to California during 1839 and throughout the next decade, Oregon became an end destination for some settlers. Fort Hall was built by a fur-trapper named Nathaniel Jarvis Wyeth in 1834. Settlers migrated to Santa Fe around 1821-1880.
People had their reasons for migrating to the West. Some came for gold, while some came to escape persecution. California was a major destination for many fortune seekers because of the Gold Rush. The religious groups like the Mormons wanted to escape persecution from others so they moved to the wild in Great Salt Lake, Utah. Also, land was getting crowded and expensive in the East so settlers came looking for large pieces of land that they could own. Slaves also moved to the West when they were freed.

Chris C, Cameron
Manifest Destiny
The manifest destiny was the movement of settlers from very early on. It all started when Christopher Columbus traveled east to America. Also it was exercised by the Pilgrim Fathers when they traveled east to get away from British Monarchs; they traveled to Plymouth Rock in 1620. As soon as they had made a colony, they had expressed the concept of Manifest Destiny. They expressed this because Manifest Destiny is the movement, or expansion toward the west. Once the concept or the idea was given its name of “Manifest Destiny” then it became widely used and everyone thought of it as a gift for them to move and expand America Westward. The Americans had posted it in there newspapers, advertisements, debates, and anything else that they would have been able to put it on. It showed people that they could move west to have their own land, and that the land was cheap, or inexpensive. During this movement they found many things that they didn’t know was there or that they didn’t think would be there. For example while people were traveling east, some of them had discovered gold, and once the news got out everyone had wanted to move towards the west.

Reyna, Anastasia, Brandon
Manifest Destiny
What was Manifest Destiny? Manifest Destiny was when the Americans thought that the west of the North American continent was God given to them. Manifest destiny is settling and or colonizing at the expense of another race. Manifest destiny to Americans was a supposed god given right; Americans thought god gave them right to any land they wanted. Manifest Destiny was also a method of robbery that many of our historical explorers used. It was also a supposed divine sanction for territorial expansion. Manifest Destiny was what occurred when historical explorers believed they could steal land from natives just because they thought God meant the land to belong to them. The manifest destiny was exercised by Christopher Columbus, the Spanish Monarchs, and the Pilgrim Fathers that landed on Plymouth Rock in 1620. The Americans had 4 trails in all when traveling west. Along the trails the settlers of the U.S. Manifest Destiny got what they wanted and ended up in places like Oregon City, Fort Hall, Sutter’s Fort, Great Salt Lake, Santa Fe, The Dalles, Soda Springs, Fort Laramie, Nauvoo, Independence, etc. These settlers arrived at their destination throughout the 1840s. Some of the reasons that settlers moved west were cheaper lands, gold, and different places. Independence was a very important frontier town to the settlers. It was the starting point for the Oregon, Santa Fe and the California trails. Chimney rock was a very important geological symbol. It looked completely like a chimney. Fort Laramie was an important trading post for the settlers. Soda springs was a well known land mark. The Dalles was first discovered by Lewis and Clark. Even though many settlements were established most of the time they didn’t get far in their travels; the settlers practically stopped moving after the 1800s.

Rachel, Chris M, Shannon

Sarah, Trenton
Manifest Destiny: Definition

Manifest Destiny had started in the year of 1492. The leader was Christopher Columbus and the Spanish Monarch. Manifest Destiny was a belief that white Americans had been given a God-given right to control the whole North American continent. It became widely popular in the 1840’s.On the travel, white Americans ended up all around in random places like in Santé Fe, New Mexico, Great Salt Lake, Utah, Sutters Fort, California, and Oregon City, Oregon. They have traveled quite a lot to get to what they have wanted. They arrived in the west of the Americas during the 1840’s they were heading there because they were promised that they would be given inexpensive land and open space. Americans very lucky and they found gold and the word was spread and lots of people were heading west to dig for gold. The Americans were very confident in themselves and they wanted to prove that they were right, and that god had given them the right to take over land that was already taken. They were very positive minded and very strong to travel from east to west.


Patrick, Autumn, Kaylyn

Manifest Destiny
Manifest Destiny is the idea that drove people to the west. Manifest Destiny was a very successful idea. Manifest Destiny was successful because the people who moved out to the west were given 160 acres of land to call their own as long as they farmed the land, and lived there for at least five years. There was also a large feel of nationalism, meaning that people felt good about their country and they wanted to do this as country, not an individual. The government also helped with the expansion west. They put ads in the newspapers showing pictures of people moving west and angels floating above them. The wildlife would be running away from the settlers showing that they were clearing the way for the people. Also there were promises of riches in the west and almost everyone wanted their shot at the money. Train lines were constructed, cities were built, and states were established and named. The Manifest Destiny caused a hysteria of movement west. However the people of the east believed that it was their righteous duty to go out and claim the land for god. They wanted to reframe the world for god, starting with America.